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Twin Effigy of President Robinson and Italian Premier Mussolini at Protest

This photograph from a November 20, 1934 rally at City College (CCNY), features a student-made, two-headed effigy of CCNY President Frederick B. Robinson and Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini. After being paraded around campus throughout the morning's demonstration, the seven-foot-tall cardboard piece was burned amidst student cries of "Smoke Robby out."

The event was held to demand the reinstatement of twenty-one expelled students as well as the removal of Robinson. The twenty-one were expelled following an anti-fascist rally on October 9th. The expulsions were not the first issued by Robinson who regularly faced accusations of stifling free expression from left-leaning student groups and organizations. Robinson's effigy depicts him in academic regalia grasping the umbrella with which he struck students at a rally in the prior year.
Source | CCNY Archives & Special Collections
Creator | Herald Tribune
Date Created | November 21, 1934
Rights | Copyright CCNY Archives & Special Collections
Item Type | Image (Photograph)
Cite This document | Herald Tribune, “Twin Effigy of President Robinson and Italian Premier Mussolini at Protest,” CUNY Digital History Archive, accessed May 20, 2024,

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